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Whether you’re wanting to build a tech startup or enhance your company’s online presence you are going to be facing two constraints. First, a limited budget and second, a tight deadline.
A solution to these problems is a web development framework. Frameworks are built on top of programming languages and provide methods of streamlining some of the more mundane and common tasks associated with web development. In essence, they allow developers to achieve more with less coding, saving both time and money. They provide a range of simple methods that help you connect to a database, authenticate users and build an admin backend, all with a few lines of code.
Web development frameworks come in all different shapes and sizes and there is no “best” framework as each has its own specialty and learning curve. Thus, in choosing a framework, you need to know what you require and understand what the framework can do for you.
Below, we review some of the most popular frameworks to help you in planning you next project:
Rails is one of the most popular frameworks in the web development world. Built on the Ruby programming language, it is most well known for its failure to power Twitter. The idea that Rails is unable to perform effectively at scale is a missnomer and can rather be attributed to Twitter not using Rails appropriately. Many large websites have successfully leveraged Rails, most notably, Scribd and Hulu.
Rails follows convention over configuration, and a religious devotion to the principles of the MVC model, though this may steepen the learning curve, it will ensure that code remains simple and easy to understand.
Built on Python, and orignally developed to cater for online-news operations, Django prides itself on the ability to build high performance web applications in rapid time. Python was designed with readability of the code as a key factor. As a result, the framework adheres to the the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) and tries automate as many tasks for you as possible. Django builds a proffessional and production ready admin interface for you, and provides a powerful templating system that lets you separately design, content and code for easy editing.
Being one of the largest and most popular frameworks Django has an excellent community to turn to when you get stuck.
Drupal is commonly perceived to be a Content Management System (CMS). This is no mistake but such a description does not illustrate Drupal’s powerful versatility. At it’s core, Drupal fits the bill for a web framework. With its long list of features it is no surprise the at the php based framework powers 1.5% of the world’s websites. Drupal appeals to all levels of developers, allowing the more experienced ones a set of tools to greatly manipulate the framework. Less skilled users, meanwhile, can tap into the 10 000 free community built addons.
Drupal is great for powering content rich sites.
CakePHP is not only one of the most popular frameworks but it is one of the oldest too. The framework, built on PHP, has a large community where you can turn for tutorials and support.
CakePHP draws many of its concepts from Ruby on Rails. As a result, you have a set of strict conventions. Althought CakePHP may, in some cases, lack flexability you can be sure that your application will be uniform throughout – making code easy to understand and modify.
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With a small learning curve, CodeIgnitor attempts to get anyone coding. Built on PHP and designed to take advantage of shared hosting, CodeIgniter has a small footprint that requires very little configuration. The framework offering is very flexible and does not require you to stick to the rigid coding practices like frameworks. CodeIgnitor is a good starting point for beginners who wish to explore web frameworks.
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And for good measure, here’s a much longer list of other’s out there:
DooPHP: fast, lightweight and easy to learn with great documentation.
Horde: primed for use as an email client and groupware, comes with a modern library and a complete application stack.
Joomla!: although traditionally used as a CMS, you can leverage to power of Joomla’s MVC framework to build your own apps.
Kajona: PHP5 based it provides a great base for developing hooks and plugins.
Kohana: designed to be secure, lightweight and easy to use Kohana provides the right set of tools for building PHP5 applications.
Lithium: adhering to no nonsense philosophies Lithium wants you to build better applications without sacrificing quality.
Rain Framework: installed with a simple copy/paste action, seeks to help teams work together.
Symfony: build robust applications for enterprise deployment.
Yii: a framework that is quickly gaining traction, great for developing Web 2.0 applications.
Zend Framework: powering some of the world’s most trafficked sites, build applications of any size.
Apache Click: A free and opensource framework that is built on top of the Java Servlet API.
AppFuse: Build apps quickly with a large number out-of-the-box features.
Play!: inspired by Rails and with scala support, harness the power of Java to build web applications.
Apache Sling: Bring back the fun to web development in the creation of content centric web applications.
CherryPy: wants you to build object orientated applications as you would normally do in Python
CubicWeb: build applications quickly and efficiently with cubes.
Flask: a mircoframework which has a very simple core. Developers only add on what is necessary.
Grok: emphasizes agile web development, sutable for all levels of developers.
Nagare: a web framework dedicated to application development rather than content publishing.
Pylons: strongly influenced by Ruby on Rails, pylons gives you a near complete third party stack of schools with which to code.
web2py: originally a teaching tool, development and easy are key.
TurboGears: built with a large number of components and libraries, TurboGears attempts to make application developed easy, rapid and maintainable.
Camping: Ruby goodness in less than 4k, fully compatible with Rails if you ever out grow your tent.
Ramaze: keeping things straight forward and simple
Sinatra: dependent on the Rack web server interface, very flexible and allows you to create applications quickly.