The truth about BlackBerry’s encryption

I’ve been thinking of not writing this piece in order to let the criminal underworld continue to operate, wrapped tightly in the warm blanket of incompetence. However, if you’re an aspiring hoodlum or simply a curious, law abiding BBM addict, this article might be of interest to you. I draw from Ronen Halevy’s analysis at the excellent Berry Review, so click through if you’re interested in some further reading.

There’s this notion that communication from BlackBerry to BlackBerry is always secure. Before BBM was ever the network of choice for “angry youfs”, way before Curves were available in hot pink *shudder* businesses depended on BlackBerry Enterprise Server or BES for secure corporate communication. BES connects to existing corporate email servers like Microsoft Exchange and acts as a relay to allow employees to securely send and receive push-email on the go, with their BlackBerries.

Communications between BES and BlackBerries are encrypted with Triple DES or AES encryption and only the company running the BES instance have the encryption keys. That means that RIM cannot provide these keys to government organisations.

If you’re like me and your BlackBerry is not connected to a BlackBerry Enterprise Server, you’re using the BlackBerry Internet Service or BIS. BIS provides the benefits of push-email to the masses. You can organise a riot, or orchestrate an assassination, and you don’t even have to be wearing a suit and tie. Instead of connecting to corporate BES, you connect to a BIS server operated by your mobile carrier.

Here’s the catch criminal, are you listening? Your emails between your BlackBerry and the BlackBerry Internet Service are not encrypted.

Unlike BlackBerry to BlackBerry communication on BES, BIS email messages are not encrypted before they travel over a mobile carrier’s network. For BIS users, only the mobile carrier’s standard 3G/2G protection applies.

RIM states:

Email messages sent between the BlackBerry Internet Service and the BlackBerry Internet Service subscriber’s BlackBerry smartphone are not encrypted. When transmitted over the wireless network, the email messages are subject to the existing or available network security model(s).

When RIM reached agreements with Indian and the Middle Eastern governments after continued pressure, they merely provided wiretapping aid according to the laws — such as RICA/RIPA — as there was no need for decryption.

What about BBM?

If you’re a BES user, your IT department has the option of encrypting the body — not the PIN — of your PIN-to-PIN BBM messages with a key unique to the company. By default, however, BBM messages are not encrypted because it restricts PIN-to-PIN BBM communication to only employees of the company, instead, they are scrambled. Scrambling is done with a universal cryptographic key that every BlackBerry has.

RIM states:

The BlackBerry device scrambles PIN messages using the PIN encryption key. By default, each BlackBerry device uses a global PIN encryption key, which allows the BlackBerry device to decrypt every PIN message that the BlackBerry device receives. Your organisation can use a global PIN encryption key, a PIN encryption key that is specific to your organisation, or both.

RIM can provide this universal key to governments to unscramble messages even in a BES environment — if no additional encryption is applied.

By default BBM messages in a BIS environment uses the scrambling method. Once again hoodlums, your BBM messages are not secure.

A paper by the Communications Security Establishment in Canada details two additional things you should be aware of before you start your next riot:

Your carrier knows your BlackBerry PIN. If a mobile carrier or government intercepted your BBM message and routed it to any other BlackBerry device by manipulating the message header, the message will be readable on that device.

Since your PIN is tied to your device and you sell it, the new owner will receive any messages addressed to your old PIN. If you have a history with nefarious activities, best hold on to your BlackBerry, or burn it when you upgrade.

Perhaps if governments were more aware of how BlackBerry operates, they would more readily lay down their pitchforks and pursue an informed course of action.



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