Netflix on Monday released the official trailer for Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045, its new animated take on the classic Japanese anime. First announced…
If you’ve never spent much time on Quora, the online question and answers service, do yourself a favour and get over there now. Actually scratch that. Read this article first and then head over there. A quick search on a topic of your choice will reveal a plethora of questions, all with a multitude of answers.
Some of those answers are serious and detailed, some are just plain entertaining and others are completely baffling. That applies to cars as much as it does to any other field. This is, after all, the internet and for every po-faced scholar just trying to make the world a better, more educated place, there’s a joker waiting to scream “Because your mom!” at any question asked online.
In a bid to give you a taste of just how diverse some of those answers can be, we’ve scoured Quora for some of the most interesting questions around cars and car tech. If, by the end of this, you haven’t learned something or at least been a little entertained then we are sorry, we’ve failed you.
Okay, we’ll start with what seems like a pretty simple question. After all, anyone who’s ever been zorbing would have quickly realised that a sphere might not be the best shape for something that needs have any semblance of control. Nonetheless, someone felt it was a question that needed to be asked and Quora, to its credit, provided a detailed answer.
Best answer (Joshua Engel, not a physicist):
Because gravity points down. Spheres are optimal ways of dealing with things that are equal in all directions. Cars aren’t equal in all directions. They have a top and a bottom, because the bottom part has different concerns (contact with the road) from the top part (keeping out the wind and the sun, keeping you from flying out). It has a front and a back because its operator has eyes that point forward, and it only moves forward. A sphere is not aerodynamic.
Making it roll would be unstable; it would wobble to left and right. And it would distress the bejeezus out of its occupants, who aren’t up to tumbling (especially not side to side). They’d be unable to see in the direction of travel at least part of the time unless the entire thing were transparent, and there are no good materials for that.
A sphere is a good way to enclose a volume at minimal surface area, but there’s no need to optimize cars that way: the surface metal is not the expensive part. And a sphere is difficult to pack: much of the space is wasted unless you’re filling it with liquids.
So overall, there’s no good reason and many reasons not to.
Well that escalated quickly. Self-driving cars are something we’ve written about fairly frequently here at Motorburn. When you’re as obsessed with cars and technology as we are, it’s pretty much an inevitability. We’d be reluctant to put any definitive answer together about how the technology will eventually change the world. It’s an emerging technology and it’s extremely difficult to tell. Quora’s given it a pretty good go though:
Best answer (Sam Lessin):
Playing it through, it seems like there are going to be three interesting stages in the deployment of self driving cars:
- They will be available for purchase as an individual, but will require a licensed driver to be sitting behind the controls and be responsible legally for the actions of the car. A small but meaningful percentage of cars will be self-driving. (Maybe in 5-10 years)
- The requirements for a human “backup” operator / legally responsible operator will be loosened over time to the point that eventually you will be able to sleep in the back, shuttle around your 5 year old, be enormously intoxicated in a vehicle, etc. They will still be owned by individuals. A very large percentage of cars will be self driving in the US – or at least SF -(Maybe in 25 or 30 years)
- The transportation cloud will become real… People will not own cars at all… When you need to move from point A to B you will simply request a driverless vehicle and one will appear for you … Like uber does today — but the real value will come not from shuttling around people, it will be from the ability to shuttle around things / objects / tools you might need in new ways which are currently economically inefficient.
Thinking about it — my sense is that things only really start to get interesting at all in stage #2 — but then it is really stage #3 that changes the landscape of everything (real estate, ownership, retail, etc) as efficient logistics will dramatically shrink our collective demand for most ‘stuff’ / atom based possessions… to explain:
Stage #1 – where cars are self driving but require a legally responsible licensed driver – is just petty boring / the cars are a novelty alone in most ways. You aren’t going to be able to multi-task in your car any more than you can today largely because there is going to need to be legal liability setup when cars crash or injure someone — almost certainly that will put the burden on the operator for the sake of equivalence to non-self driving cars…
So, just as there are annoying blocks on in-dash GPS systems which tell you not to use them while you are driving — self driving cars are going to initially roll out with so many alertness checks, checks for consecutive time of driving without a brake / etc for the driver that it is possible they will require more mental attention to operate than traditional cars!
Stage #2 gets a lot more impactful on how cities are organized and how we travel long distances. The airline industry will suffer and the value of city real-estate will decline… The value of real estate outside of cities will increase as the burbs get more accessible (and more fun to live in)
Airlines are going to suffer because the math will tip in favor of driving most places vs. flying (e.g. LA to SF) — the math on flying will still work for very long hauls / clearly intercontinental travel — but far fewer routes than currently the airline industry supports. (side point, this also means favoring big jumbo jets on key select routes, not the micro-jet / regional airport model of the world)
Cities are going to suffer (and suburbs / the boonies flourish) because commuting for work and fun will become faster and easier to manage. There will be less of a premium on living where you work or play. Also, it is quire possible that retail and bars will spread out a lot more. Right now one of the challenges of the suburbs is bars / drinking. It is very hard to ‘go out’ outside of a city with cabs — but if the cars drive themselves FAST — no worries!
On a personal level… right now you have to budget about 45 min to get from my hometown to mid-town manhattan. That is too long / i wouldn’t want to live there now and do that commute and therefore would prefer to live in the city; however, if it reliably took 15 min / which is completely possible with better traffic management, parking, etc. AND I could get things done during that time — I would much prefer to live in englewood NJ than manhattan.
Stage #3 is where all the real fun occurs. The real implication of truly driverless vehicles is NOT hanging out in the back seat… the real impact is going to be that no one will own cars anymore at all… you will just have access to transportation capabilities when you need them — and that is going to be a big part of remapping the whole economy. Here are some ideas:
No more owning a car personally.
You will just pay for transportation instance when you need (with dynamic pricing and all that marketplace jazz)
You will not need a car, you will just have effectively ‘uber’ everywhere at very low cost and very low latency. Take ‘uber’ as the human-capital-heavy version of exactly this today in small pockets like SF. I would vehemently assert that if you are price insensitive-ish uber is way way better than driving your own car in SF… in fact, if I only ever traveled in SF I probably would have already gotten rid of my car in preference to uber. This is as much because SF parking is terrible, but that is still a big part of the equation.
The problem with Uber is of course that it only works in very high density places. Point in case, when i went to Chicago (a huge city with a lot of density, but a lot less uber-car-density) uber was a disaster… it took me 30 min to get a vehicle, etc — would have been faster to drive — and of course you can’t really give up your car until uber has you covered truly everywhere.
Fewer cars in the world.
The more efficient we are at allocating cars / keeping them occupied via #1, then the fewer total cars we need in the world. I don’t know the %, but i have to assume only a very few percent of cars are being operated at any given time / are actually moving around. If we increase efficiency in transportation it will drive down the number of cars we need as a society in total pretty dramatically.
This is actually going to be quite bad for the auto industry (not unlike how airbnb is potentially bad for the hotel industry) — the are going to have to shift their model dramatically to become service companies / either servicing fleets of cars or providing end-to-end transportation cloud rather than car manufactures that sell to all consumers. My bet is that we need as a society like 10% of the number of vehicles we currently have.
Also bad for the auto industry — if you don’t own a car then you care a lot less about what you ‘drive’. Some fanatics at the high end I am sure will have premium car access and want cool or differentiated product — but I bet most people will want to get from point A to B.
Parking becomes reclaimable real-estate.
An absolutely enormous portion of US real-estate is dedicated to parking lots an garages. Once no one needs to own cars anymore and is effectively uber-ing everywhere you don’t need those garages anymore. This means converting all existing garage space to more living space, parks, etc.
People will live in smaller houses.
Self-driving cars are probably actually more impactful for their ability to drive around objects vs. drive around people. When you have truly autonomous vehicles the mini-storage market of that day is going to explode. Rather than living with all your stuff, you will likely store all the stuff you own but don’t need right now outside the city / in a less nice place and then when you need it, just call it up and have it delivered to you from your cache. The only reason you live with all your stuff now is because it is too inefficient to go retrieve it when you need it — but if it can come to you when summoned, that is a whole other story. You should pay to live in an awesome place, your stuff doesn’t need a view.
People will own fewer things.
This is the real kicker: you’ll be able to rent everything once everything can move on its own, and we’ll need less stuff as a society in general.
Since the beginning of the internet people have wanted to create local collectives to share stuff. We don’t all need drills, we don’t all need rakes, etc — the thought was that with communication horsepower we could share ‘stuff’ more efficiently / better and would thereby need less of it. This has worked in a few cases, but generally fails because information about who has what is only part of the equation — you also then need to move the stuff around, and that is a huge pain in the ass!
That said, once the stuff can move itself with self driving cars (and probably some drones to boot)… then finally that dream of sharing opened up by the Internet will become real — because it will be pretty damn efficient to share atoms, not just bits.
So, where above the idea was that we will all have storage units outside of the cities and call up things we want from our private stores when we need them / want them rather than living with them — the reality is that i bet those storage warehouses will be communal / rental model based. Whenever we want something we will declare it and it will be delivered to us for use… and when we are done we will ship it back to the warehouse for servicing / storage and someone else to call up when they need it.
So, at stage #3 it seems highly likely to me that without massive population growth, etc. the amount of ‘stuff’ we will need as a society (and our attachment to stuff) will decline radically (with serious implications for the whole economy)
We will not get through this whole cycle fully in our lifetime. I hope we even get to #2… but #3 is going to change everything / be unbelievably disruptive to basically every business that sells atoms to consumers.
Let’s be honest, we’ve all thought about this at some point. We’ve looked around our cheap and cheerful car, stared over at the luxury car next to us at the traffic lights and thought: sure it’s better, but is it really better enough to justify being 20 times more expensive than what I’m driving?
Best answer (Nick Nguyen):
It really boils down to two things. First, a $15K Mazda provides all of the basic functionality of a $70K Audi. To justify the additional cost, both perceived and actual luxury are important. In fact, style is often a bigger priority than luxury, and since the highest end cars often act as “halo” cars which effectively market the cheaper models, styling is very important, so the most experienced designers end up on the luxury nameplates. Companies like BMW go so far as to publicize the names of their top designers, making them celebrities in their own right.
Secondly, luxury cars have a higher profit margin built into them, so new manufacturing techniques can be developed to achieve the desired styling. For instance, in designing the latest generation Lexus LS, Toyota designed front fenders which have the most dramatic curvature ever used in a car, which necessitated the strongest stamping press in the world, pressing steel with a force of 5200 tons. Cadillac was able to dramatically improve the perceived quality of American cars by using the same interior supplier (Draxlmaier) as Mercedes-Benz for their stitched dashboards.
Okay, so this question doesn’t strictly fulfill the remit of this site, but it’s interesting nonetheless. I mean think about it, no one has ever looked at a car’s windshield and thought, that’s where it’s eyes should go and no one has ever stuck a pair of novelty eyelashes on their car’s windscreen.
Best answer (Jann van Hamersveld):
Wow, I totally know this one! While working on a promotional pitch for the movie “Cars”. We received word from PIXAR licensing that the production had been stopped and that they were redoing the characters with the eyes on the windshields instead of the headlights. The reason for this was that the films creative director felt that they could not get the character expressions with scenes they wanted at the shot distance; for the scenic views, taking the headlights approach. This pushed the movie out 8 months or so. Everybody else thinks it was to avoid conflict with the Chevron characters.
Image: Images by John ‘K’ via Flickr.
On the face of it, this seems like a pretty important question. Blind spots are, after all, one of the leading causes of motoring accidents around the world. It turns out though, that it’s not the car manufacturers’ fault, it’s yours.
Best answer (Yuhao Ding):
Actually, they have. Drivers just aren’t using the mirrors correctly. Most people adjust their mirrors such that they can barely see their own car in the mirror, and leave it there. Essentially, this causes a huge overlap between the side and center rearview mirrors, which is unnecessary. By spreading your side mirrors you lose no information about what’s behind you, but pretty much eliminate your blind spot to your sides. This new method is recommended at most driving schools, including the BMW Performance Center in South Carolina.
Steps to readjust:
- Place the center mirror to show the whole rear-view window or at least as much of it as possible. Make sure you seat properly and aim the rear-view mirror without moving your head from the straight forward position.
- Lean your head to the left until your face is almost touching the glass, and adjust the left mirror. While still leaning, your mirror should be far enough such that you can barely see the side of your own car.
- Lean your head to the right until your head is over the center divider, and adjust the right mirror. Similarly, your mirror should be adjusted far enough such that you can barely see the side of your own car.
- Re-evaluate. The idea is that there should be a small overlap between your side mirrors and the center rear-view mirror. If there is no overlap at all, then bring the mirrors slightly closer in. When sitting straight up, you should not be able to see your own car.
Now, you should have basically no blind spots. It takes a little getting used to, but you basically rely on your center rear-view much more than before. When a car leaves your center rear-view mirror, it should be immediately visible in your side mirror.